Foldes, A. et al. 1995. "Youths and Entheogen Use--A
Modern Rite of Passage?" MAPS Bulletin 6(1): 39-42.
Addresses the question, "What relevance do these ancient
traditions have to the experience of a modern adolescent
growing up in the western world?"
A collection of relevant articles including: "Drug Education and Democracy [In]action" (by J.H. Brown), "High
School Students talk about Drug Education Programs" (an
interview conducted by J.H. Brown), "Stumbling on His
Stash" (by Alice B.), and "The Rite of Passage: A family's
perspective on the use of MDMA" (anonymous).
"MDMA and Pregnancy." MAPS web site, 1999.
A discussion of the October 1999 paper in Lancet, titled
"Congenital anomalies after prenatal ecstasy exposure."
Abramson H.A. 1967. "The Use of LSD (d-lysergic acid
diethylamide) in the Therapy of Children (a brief review)." Journal of Asthma Research 5: 139-143.
Bender, L. 1970. "Children's Reactions to Psychotomimetic Drugs." In Efron, D.H. Efron (ed.) 1970. Psychotomimetic Drugs. pp. 265-273. North Holland Publishing.
Bender, L. et al. 1962. "Treatment of Autistic Schizophrenic Children with LSD-25 and UML-491," Recent
Advances in Biological Psychology 4: 170-177.
Bos, P. 1971. "Use of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Child
Psychiatry," Ceskoslovenska Psychiatrie 67(4): 237-241.
Dobkin de Rios, M. and C.S. Grob. 1994. "Hallucinogens,
Suggestibility & Adolescence in Cross-Cultural Perspective." Yearbook for Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness 3: 113-132.
Fisher G. 1970. "The Psycholytic Treatment of a Childhood Schizophrenic Girl." International Journal of Social
Psychiatry (London) 16(2): 112-130.
Fisher G. 1997. "Treatment of Childhood Schizophrenia
Utilizing LSD and Psilocybin." MAPS Bulletin 7(3): 18-25.
Grob, C.S. and M. Dobkin de Rios. 1992. "Adolescent Drug
Use in Cross-Cultural Perspective." Journal of Drug Issues
Jacobs, D. 1996. "The Use of Datura Species in Rites of
Transition." In M. Winkelman and W Andritzky (eds.)
1996. Yearbook of Cross-Cultural Medicine and Psychotherapy.
pp. 341351. Verlag füur Wissenschaft und Bildung.
Johnson, T.F. 1972. "Datura fastuosa: Its Use in Tsonga
Girl's Initiation." Economic Botany 26: 340-351.
Mogar, R.E. and R.W. Aldrich. 1969. "The Use of Psychedelic Agents with Autistic Schizophrenic Children,"
Behavioral Neuropsychiatry 1: 44-50.
Rhead, J.C. 1977. "The Use of Psychedelic Drugs in the
Treatment of Severely Disturbed Children: A Review,"
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 9(2): 93-101.
Rolo, A. et al. 1967. "Preliminary Study of LSD with
Children," 2nd International Conference on the Use of LSD in
Psychotherapy and Alcoholism. pp. 619-625.
Samuelsson, B.O. 1974. "LSD Intoxication in a Two-year-old Child,"
Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 63: 797-798.
Shedler, J. and J. Block. 1990. "Adolescent Drug Use and
Psychological Health." American Psychologist 45(5): 612-630.
Smith, D.E. and J.L. Sternfield. 1970. "Natural Childbirth
and Cooperative Child Rearing in Psychedelic Communes." The Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 3(1): 120-124.
Research Supporting Alternatives to Current Drug Prevention
Education for Young People by Rodney Skager (Feb 2003). A
selected set of annotated references on changes necessary
to drug prevention education for young people.
A Collection of References on Drugs and Children--What
Causes Drug Problems Among Children, and How to Deal
With Them When They Happen. Schaffer Library of Drug
The Erowid Families & Psychoactives Vault provides
documents and resources on the topic of families' relationships to psychoactive substances. It isn't really clear how
people in our culture can integrate psychoactive sub-
stances usefully and coherently into their lives with their
children. There are many complexities: legal, social,
dependency, abuse, access, fears, personal freedom,
parental responsibility, etc. In order to lay the groundwork for humans to have more balanced relationships
with psychoactive substances, the first step may be to
simply collect and share the experiences of people who
have faced these challenges. While we have information
about what happens in traditional cultures, modern
society is so removed from family-oriented villages that it
is not at all clear what to do with such wisdom teachings.
With this Vault, Erowid hopes to cover: families who
value psychedelics; coming out of the psychedelic closet;
mentoring and rites-of-passage; families torn apart: when
dialog breaks down; pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding;
drug education; other stories of how drugs or the discussion of drugs have impacted a family; media treatment of
these issues. Articles, ideas, and comments can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Families Against Mandatory Minimums is a national
nonprofit organization founded in 1991 to challenge
inflexible and excessive penalties required by mandatory
Anonymous. "Confessions of a Middle-Aged Ecstasy
Eater." Granta 74 (May 2001).
A distinguished writer makes an anonymous confession
and defends a habit: his son supplies him with Ecstasy.
Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse. Formed in 1982 to
address the multifacted issues of substance use, misuse
and abuse. MAMA's approach is based on personal
responsibility and informed decision making, with respect
for human dignity.
Barry, L. 1999. Cruddy. Simon & Schuster.
[Fiction] On a September night in 1971, a few days after
getting busted for dropping two of the 127 hits of acid
found in a friend's shoe, a sixteen-year old who is
grounded for a year curls up in the corner of her ratty
bedroom, picks up a pen, and begins to write.
Huxley, A. 1962. Island. Harper & Row.
Classic tale of a utopian society with psychedelic rites-of-passage.
Johnson, J.T. 2001. The Thundering Years: Rituals and Sacred
Wisdom for Teens. Inner Traditions.
A guidebook of approaches to rites-of-passage; praises
altered states but has a negative approach toward drug use
to reach these.
Levine, N. 2003. Dharma Punx. Harper San Francisco.
Noah Levine--son of Buddhist teacher and author
Stephen Levine--updates his father's path to enlightenment in this memoir. As with many self-destructive kids,
the author's search for meaning led him first to punk rock,
drugs, drinking, and dissatisfaction. Fueled by his anger
and so much injustice and suffering, he now uses that
energy and the practice of Buddhism to awaken his
natural wisdom and compassion.
Weil, A.T. and W. Rosen. 1983 (Revised 1993). Chocolate
to Morphine: Understanding Mind-Active Drugs. Houghton
Excellent non-biased introduction to psychoactive
substances for pre-teens.
Weil, A.T. 1972. The Natural Mind: A New Way of Looking
at Drugs and the Higher Consciousness. Houghton Mifflin.
Postulates that the desire for altered states of consciousness is an inborn human drive.
Zimmer, L. and J.P. Morgan. 1997. Marijuana Myths
Marijuana Facts: A Review of the Scientific Evidence. The
Excellent overview that dispels many myths regarding the
harms of Cannabis, providing factual information based on
scientific studies instead of propaganda.
Schaefer, S.B. 1996. Pregnancy, Children and Peyote in
Huichol Culture. Cassette tape of lecture at San Francisco
Entheobotany Conference. Botanical Preservation Corps.